While the current body of knowledge on the role of intelligence services in post-colonial Africa emphazises the protection of dictatorial regimes and poor governance of the security sector as the main contributing factors to the inefficiency and ineffectiveness of African intelligence services, this book offers a critical analysis of the missions assigned to intelligence agencies during different periods of DRC's political history and demonstrates that Congolese intelligence services rather efficiently protected Western interests during the Cold War period, when the West was competing with the Soviet Union over the control of the African continent. During this period, for over three decades, they incidentally protected the political leadership, which is the key role for intelligence services in virtually all states.
Local Cultural Values and Projects of Economic Development
The author focuses the reflection on the link between local cultural values and projects of economic development in light of Sen's capability approach. He argues what people believe and value facilitate the passage from the universal conception of economic development to feasibility of development at the local level. Through 12 case studies, the book illustrates how the theoretical framework of Sen's capability approach, namely the definition of freedom to self-determination and the definition of development as the expansion of people's freedoms, applies in practice.
Identités territoriales et conflits dans la province du Sud-Kivu, R.D. Congo
Les territoires de Fizi, de Kalehe et d'Uvira sont des foyers de conflits au Sud-Kivu (R.D. Congo); ils ont racines dans le processus d'organisation de l'espace politique à l'époque coloniale. La reconfiguration de l'espace a produit des nouvelles entités territoriales et administratives (les chefferies agrandies, les secteurs et les territoires) qui sont des réalités sociologiques et politiques. La méconnaissance des différences entre le territoire ethnique et étatique et entre peuples autochtones et allochtones est un adjuvant de conflits. Quelques pistes susceptibles d'orienter des actions pour la paix sociale sont exposées; elles passent par l'exigence éthique préalable d'une reconnaissance réciproque des organisations territoriales, de l'histoire des peuples et d'une prise en considération des normes de droit.
Religion, Public Policy and Social Transformation in Southeast Asia. Managing Religious Diversity Vol.1
This book series deals with religion and its interface with the state and society in Southeast Asia. It examines the multidimensional facets of politics, public policies and social change in relation to contemporary forms of religions, religious communities, thinking, praxis and ethos. All articles in this Book Series were a direct result of a policy-relevant research collaboration conducted by investigators from the participating countries from 2013–2016. The issues under examination in this Series include: state management of diversity, multicultural policies, religious social activism and state-society relations. All of the analyses in this Book Series are fixed within the context of a rapidly changing society in Southeast Asia.
Federalism in Nigeria. Between Divisions in Conflict and Stability in Diversity
Nigeria is a product of the amalgamation of Northern and Southern British protectorates, that is the primary cause of the Nigeria's political instability, ethnoreligious divisions and underdevelopment. Adopting a pragmatic constitutional approach that institutionalizes federal constitution would produce a promising political mechanism for addressing ethnic, cultural and religious diversity. Meanwhile the adoption of relevant political structure should be guided by the ethical and political comparative advantages of many different political structures. The originality of this doctoral research is based on findings from data analyses that show positive dispositions of respondents to adoption of a federal constitution to achieve stability in diversity and the current operation of unitary constitution as inappropriate. The study underlines that adoption and implementation of a federal constitution, fiscal federalism and secularism is sine-qua-non.
Collines des mille souvenirs. Vivre après et avec le génocide perpétré contre les Tutsi du Rwanda
Aimable K. S., rescapé du génocide rwandais, écrit: "La souffrance a construit une maison dans mon coeur. Je pleure pour qu'elle soit détruite." Ce témoignage pose directement la question centrale qui anime cette recherche doctorale en anthropologie, centrée sur le génocide perpétré contre les Tutsi du Rwanda. Comment retrouver sa beauté intérieure en dépit des effets traumatiques du génocide et ainsi les surmonter ? Collines des mille souvenirs aborde cette question à travers des portraits, essentiellement de rescapés. Il s'agit d'un regard intime et profond, entre anthropologie et littérature, qui appréhende la vie d'aujourd'hui dans le cadre du paysage émotionnel et social de la société post-génocidaire. Un voyage vers les mille collines du Rwanda – et leur charge mémorielle –, qui esquisse des chemins de guérison.
Globalisation of Concern III. Essays on Climate Justice, Education, Sustainability and Technology
In this third collection of essays under the title of Globalisation of Concern, Aidan G. Msafiri addresses the pressing topical subjects of our time providing ethical orientations on the ethics of land justice and sustainability, the role and relevance of education and the developments of technology and cyberspace in societies. The Christian, African and global perspective of this book makes it an important source for students and decision-makers in all sectors of society. A book of reflection and hope.
Ética de la investigación en ciencias sociales. Un análisis de la vulnerabilidad en la investigación social
The purpose of this PhD thesis is to make a philosophical analysis of the ethical problems that may arise in the context of social science research. Chapter 1 aims to briefly reconstruct the history of the ethics of social research and account for current developments and academic debates around these issues. Chapter 2 has to describe the main methodological strategies of the social sciences and to make an approach to the ethical problems. Chapters 3 and 4 focus on the particularized analysis of the ethical problems of social investigations in the light of various key concepts: harm, risk, benefit, autonomy, privacy and confidentiality. Chapters 5 and 6 address a novel theme:
Financial Sustainability of Church Related Organisations. An Empirical Study on Kenya
Church Related Organizations (CROs) contribute largely to social and economic development. But many of them in developing countries are today facing a financial crisis due to many years of dependency on foreign donations for their diaconal work and as donor support declines. This empirical doctoral thesis in Business Management analyses key determinants for financial sustainability of CROs in Kenya. Key factors for financial sustainability are asset management, donor diversification, own income generation and the donor relations. The book is relevant for Board and management of CROs and other civil society organisations CSOs, for finance officers, for donors as well for students in business management.
Speaking Truth to Power. A Critique of the Church of South India Episcopacy (Governance) of the 21st Century
The demand for a better power control and accountability in the Indian Christian Churches underlines the issue of transforming traditional leadership models. The Church of South India (CSI) is a unique church since it is the pioneer of a united and uniting church since 1947, uniting the Anglican, Methodist, Presbyterian and Congregationalist denominations of the missionary churches. With over 4 million members, it is a powerful church even though Christians in India represent a small minority. The process of a constitutional reform is currently debated to change the character of this church from a united to an episcopal church with an accumulation of power in the role of the moderator. The controversy about this reform is linked to ongoing criticisms about corruption in many of the CSI-related institutions. On this background, church governance becomes a hot issue of power control and accountability, and above all, of the faithfulness to the Gospel of Jesus Christ and the credibility of the community of believers.