Collection Description

Corruption and Transparency Collection

The corruption and transparency collection aims at providing documentation and basic thematic articulations around the term "corruption". Corruption denotes "dishonest or fraudulent conduct by those in power, typically involving bribery" (Oxford Dict.), but avoiding untransparent conditions is complex because at all level there might be a dominating group or a dominated one, and because everyone should be concerned by corruption, without excessive moralisation of others.

The collection presents first the philosophical, socio-economic and political background to the subject. Second it gathers institutional documents and shows transparency in the global context and related to sustainable development. In a third set of perspectives are shown educational means to prevent corruption and promote transparency (as curricula or education in management and public administration). Other dimensions pertain to political means to prevent corruption, where transparency is considered as part of the democratic process, leadership and management related means to promote transparency and prevent corruption, and finally administrative and criminal law, retributive and preventive means.

Classification tree: Overview

BO0    Reference works and definitions
BO1    Philosophical background 
BO2    Socio-economic and political background
BO3    Institutional documents
BO4    Transparency in the global context and sustainable development
BO5    Educational means to prevent corruption and promote transparency: Curricula, education
            in Management and Public Administration

BO6    Political means to prevent corruption and promote transparency: transparency considered
            as part of the democratic process

BO7    Leadership, bureaucracy and management related means to promote transparency
           and prevent corruption

BO8   Administrative law and responsibility
BO9   Criminal law, prevention and retribution of corrupt behavior
BO10 Geographical areas

Classification tree: Details

BO0    Reference works and definitions
            BO01    Bibliographies
            BO02    Case studies
            BO03    Codes of ethics
            BO04    Educational resources
            BO05    Encyclopedias/Dictionaries
            BO06    Manuals/Handbooks
            BO07    Theses/Dissertations
            BO08    Definitions 

BO1    Historical and philosophical background 
            BO10    Corruption as descriptive state (as the image of a corrupt biological organisms)
            BO11    Transparency as anti-hypocritical description of society (maxim: what is vice should
                          be expressed as vice, what is virtue should be expressed as virtue)
            BO12    Limit or critical cases
                          BO120    Benefiting from others as in bribery: cannot be easily defined
                                          as harming others (JS. Mill)
                          BO121    Decent vices? Private vices could lead to public benefits (Mandeville,
                                          Smith)
                          BO122    Ill-educated people more likely to be corrupt (T. More) 
                          BO123    Unethical transparency 
                          BO124    Hypocrites who demand transparency from others but not themselves,
                          BO125    Aggressive bullying: transparent but hostile, reputation bashing
                          BO126    Name and shame campaigns, limits to disclose the private sphere of public
                                          officials 
                          BO127    Transparency as moral virtue as integrity, humility or truth?
                          BO128    Trust and reasons to suspect corruption

BO2    Socio-economic and political background
            BO21    Corruption is an asocial and apolitical attitude: it corrodes citizenship and social
                          attitudes
            BO22    Corruption is an institutional disintegration: it undermines people's trust in political
                          and economic systems, institutions and leaders
            BO23    Corruption pertain harmful conditions: it can cost people their freedom, health,
                          money – and sometimes their lives

BO3    Institutional documents
            BO31     Fight against corruption in EU. The European Anti-Fraud Office (OLAF)
            BO32     National Anti-Fraud agencies
                           BO321    British Serious Fraud Office (SFO)
                           BO322    GOV.UK. Anti-Corruption Summit: Country Statements
                           BO323    Délégation Nationale à la Lutte contre la Fraude (DNLF)
                           BO324    U.S. Anti-Corruption Efforts
                           BO325    Transparency International

BO4    Corruption and transparency in the global context and sustainable development
            BO41    UN agencies and international institutions focusing on anti-corruption
            BO42    Sustainable Development Goal 16, under the 2030 Agenda to "substantially reduce
                          corruption and bribery in all their forms" and "strengthen the recovery and return
                          of stolen assets."

BO5    Educational means to prevent corruption and promote transparency: Curricula,
            education in Management and Public Administration

BO6    Political means to prevent corruption and promote transparency (transparency
            considered as part of the democratic process)

BO7    Leadership, bureaucracy and management related means to promote transparency
            and prevent corruption
            BO71    Accountability
            BO72    Global Compact
            BO73    Transparency
            BO74    Decision-making processes
            BO75    Co-determination
            BO76    Ownership
            BO77    Participation
            BO78    Compliance management 
            BO79    Asset management

BO8   Administrative law and responsibility
            BO81    Control bodies
            BO82    Auditing bodies
            BO83    Black economy
            BO84    Nepotism
            BO85    Clientelism
            BO86    Mismanagement
            BO87    Whistleblower protection

BO9   Criminal law, prevention and retribution of corrupt behavior
           BO91    Enforcing responsibility: preventing corruption by criminalizing irresponsible and
                         harmful behavior (legal moralistic perspective of mixed justification for punishment)
           BO92    Principle of specialty and corruption: criminal cases of corruption and extradition
           BO93    Economics of violence
           BO94    Criminalizing bribery
           BO95    "Fighting corruption": prevention and retribution through democratic means 

BO10    Geographical areas
              BO11    Global level
              BO12    Continental level
                            BO121    Africa
                            BO122    Asia -Oceania
                            BO123    Europe
                            BO124    Latin America
                            BO125    North America

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