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企业的起源、边界与超边界—中国企业社会责任论析/Origin, boundary and beyond-boundary of Chinese Ent

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由浙江大学李高阳同学、北京大学周新明同学撰写的论文《企业的起源、边界与超边界—中国企业社会责任论析》,荣获2011年对外经济贸易大学国际经济伦理研究中心举办的第五届大学生企业社会责任征文大赛三等奖,全文请参考附件。

企业的起源、边界与超边界—中国企业社会责任论析

摘要:任何事物都是有边界的,在边界清晰的基础上,才能较好地谈清事物之间,比如企业与社会责任之间的关系。本文分三部分,第一部分,从中国的市场经济体制的发生和发展出发,谈中国企业的起源和作用。中国市场经济的特殊性在于,它受政府权力的主导由计划经济转型,并且还在受政府权力的主导;第二部分,谈中国企业在中国社会转型过程中的特殊作用,及其应该承担的社会责任;我认为,对于中国的企业来说,他们最应该承担的社会责任不是其他,而是创造利润,维护市场经济秩序,这就是企业的边界所在;第三部分,谈中国传统的道德文化对中国企业家和中国企业的特殊含义。中国人道德的特殊性在于,中国人基本没有宗教信仰,而历史上却有一套促进个人道德修养的具有宗教色彩的文化传统。企业家如果能够经过有效的道德修养,提升自己的人生境界,那么他所领导的企业或许能够超越企业的边界,即在承担创造利润的社会责任之外,积极处理由于中国当前特殊的政治经济环境导致的社会责任缺失,而这些责任是社会其他各种组织无法充分发挥作用予以承担但又必须得到承担的。

关键词:激励机制;创造利润;心灵境界

The Paper “Origin, boundary and beyond-boundary of Chinese Enterprises-Analysis on the Corporate Social Responsibility in China”, written by Li Gaoyang from Zhejiang University and Zhou Xinming from Peking University, is the Third Prize of 2011 Collegiate Corporate Social Responsibility Essay Competition, which is organized by the Center for International Business Ethics at UIBE, Beijing. The whole paper can be found in the attachment.

Origin, boundary and beyond-boundary of Chinese Enterprises
-Analysis on the Corporate Social Responsibility in China


Abstract: Everything has its boundary. It is easier to talk about relationship between different things with clear boundaries, like the relationship between corporations and their social responsibilities. This thesis contains three parts. The first part mainly talks about the origin and roles of Chinese enterprises based on the emergence and development of China’s market economy. The uniqueness of Chinese market economy is that it is transformed from planned economy under the guidance of government, and it is still intervened by the government. The second part mainly talks about the special roles Chinese enterprises play in the social transformation, as well as the social responsibilities they assume. I think the social responsibilities that corporations should take should be to create profit, and maintain the market economy order, in which the boundary of corporations lies. The third part talks about the special meaning that traditional Chinese morality has to Chinese entrepreneur and enterprises. The particularity of Chinese morality is that, though Chinese people usually do not have religious belief, they form a set of cultural tradition with religious flavor which promote individual morality. If the entrepreneur could improve the realm of life through effective moral cultivation, they could lead their corporations to cross the boundary. That is in addition to assume the social role to create profits; they could actively handle the lack of social responsibility due to the special political and economic environment in China. The social responsibility should be assumed by the organizations which could not fully play its role.

Keywords: incentive mechanism; creation of profit; realm of life
附件: Origin, boundary and beyond-boundary of Chinese Enterprises.pdf (267.4k)