This book explores Christian mission and the Mbuti Pygmies, a sub-group of Central African Pygmies who are mostly forest dwellers. The Pygmies are often still unseen and discriminated against, and as consequence, still remain unreached and unchurched. The missional encounter to reach and minister to the invisible is the key focus of this research. In order to minister to this population, this book proposes that mission among and for Pygmies should be conceived and practiced in the light of new paradigms in relation to the concept of conversion. Theological education should be a holistic Christ-like approach to reach and minister to the invisible.
Organizational Improvement of Nigerian Catholic Chaplaincy in Central Ohio
The 18 chapters of this book are a result of a Globethics.net conference in March 2018 at the Catholic University of East Africa (CUEA) in Kenya, focused on the integration of Ethics in Higher Education. The book captures the potential for sharing of knowledge, and triggering interdisciplinary collaboration and research across a wide variety of issues ranging from research practice, religion, entrepreneurship, leadership, fundraising and corruption. While some of the chapters focus on the understanding of ethics and its relationship with the various other aspects of life, others concentrate on the methods and strategies of effectively teaching ethics.
La justice climatique restaurative: Réparer les inégalités Nord/Sud
La reconnaissance des inégalités climatiques commande de penser une justice climatique Nord/Sud appropriée, et de rechercher une réponse adéquate aux besoins réels du Sud global. Ni la justice climatique distributive et ni la justice climatique corrective ne permettent de répondre convenablement à la nature multidimensionnelle de ces besoins. Face à ces limites la justice climatique restaurative a trois atouts principaux : 1) elle permet de mieux intégrer la responsabilité historique du Nord dans le traitement des injustices climatiques. 2) Elle permet de se recentrer sur les besoins de justice des victimes climatiques du Sud : besoins de réparation, besoins de distribution, besoins de reconnaissance, besoins de participation et besoins d'assistance. Et enfin 3), elle permet d'inclure une dimension préventive au processus de justice.
The Struggle for Women Empowerment Through Education
Women are subjected to all kinds of violence, such as rape, forced marriage, forced identity, dependence, and a lack of freedom of expression, giving rise to the status of women as second-class citizens. Despite this gloomy picture, women across cultures agree that this denigration can only be stopped and reversed if those who are victims are educated so that they can discuss the problems, proper solutions, and see to their implementation. Many female authors write about the trauma that women undergo and the various ways in which women are marginalized in a male-dominated society. This thesis is based on novels by two female authors, Second Class Citizen (1974) by Buchi Emecheta from Ibuzo, Nigeria, and Das verborgene Wort (2001) by Ulla Hahn from Kirchhundem, Sauerland, Germany. It critically discusses the subjugation of women and violence against them through the prism of the novels' main characters.
Kenya has experienced ethnic based violence since the restoration of multi-party-political system in 1991 with violent conflicts erupting every five years after election. This book illuminates many issues that hinder Peacebuilding and the reasons why peace remains elusive in Africa and many other parts of the world despite so much discussions on the same, peace-keeping tropes and shuttle diplomacies and treaties being signed. This study sought to: assess the effectiveness of peacebuilding strategies applied in CJPC interventions in Nakuru County.
The Academic, Church and Business sectors have been three independent worlds for too long. Only recently have the ideas and theories of one segment started to develop and generate a strong and acknowledged impact on the other sectors, cross-fertilizing each other. The aim of this thesis is to summarize how it is possible to derive from theology the kind of philosophical anthropology which can serve as a basis for the right management theory together with its implementation. It is based on the Church's Catholic Social Teaching (CST), specifically on its prime pillar of "human dignity", together with the related academic disciplines, while providing a useful performative approach for those in business. The conclusion is an alternative, holistic system, that considers the employees as persons, rather than economic factors.
The Experience of Being a Divorced or Separated Single Mother:A Phenomenological Study
This book sought a deeper understanding of experiences concerning fifteen divorced and separated single mothers, five African American, five Caucasian and five Latino aged 27–52 years, divorced or separated for one year or more with one or more dependent children below sixteen years old. The qualitative phenomenological approach employed in-depth interviews to collect narratives thus illustrating its usefulness in bringing out rich data. The implications of the findings for the Mental Health Profession, and the Teaching Profession for both the mothers and their children are stated. Detailed descriptions of the lived experiences of divorced and separated women and associated meanings clarify particular aspects in their lives that could affect their wellbeing. Certain aspects of their lives that promote life satisfaction are also highlighted.
Ijtihād Maqāṣidi: The Interconnected Maṣlaḥah-Based Reconstruction of Islamic Laws
In this book Islamic law is presented from various perspectives to find the common thread between the Sharia, Islamic law and Islamic jurisprudence. The discussion is focused on the characteristics and principles of Islamic law as a means of providing a general overview of how Islamic law should be positioned, especially in the efforts of formulating legal rules that seek to bring benefit for people. Islamic law is brought from its ideal concepts into practical usage. This works gives many concrete examples of the critical understanding of social behaviours in the Islamic society, such as Muslim clothing and the conduct of Muslim women, by providing meticulous hermeneutic analysis of the literature that is used as legitimation of certain religious conventions. This work instills a deep ethical understanding of the normative foundations of Islamic law in the global perspective.
In comparison with other parts of Indonesia, Catholicism in Manggarai, West Flores, Eastern Indonesia is relatively new. The Divine Missionaries started to introduce Catholic Church at the beginning of 20th century. Only in about thirty years, most of the people had become Catholics. Now, in terms of the number of the Catholics, church buildings, Catholic schools, priests, parishes, and religious congregations, the Church of Manggarai (with apostolic administration's name, the Diocese of Ruteng) has become the biggest Church in Indonesia. This book studies on the development of Catholicism in Manggarai during the 20th century; the process by which Catholicization relate to local religion, politics and identity; the perception of Manggarai Catholic to Catholicism; and the main problems and struggles that confronted Manggaraian the politics of conversion and transformation to be a vastly Catholic land in the contemporary time.
Christian Education in Nigeria and Ethical Challenges. Context of Enugu Diocese
The main focus of this work is that, by her vocation, the Church has the mandate and challenge to teach all nations. It is her pastoral and canonical responsibility. School method of Evangelization was the successful tool in the hands of the early Missionaries in Nigeria. But the State forcefully took over Mission schools in 1970. Nationalization of schools and monopoly of control are forms of state-imposed secularism and moral relativism. Forty years after this nationalization of schools, the system of education has virtually collapsed. Just recently, the State started the process of returning mission schools to their various owners.
Ahmadi Women Resisting Fundamentalist Persecution. A Case Study on Active Group Resistance in Indonesia
Since the start of the Reformasi era and the fall of the New Order regime led by President Suharto in 1998, there have been numerous incidents of violence against the Ahmadiyya in Indonesia stemming from different interpretations of the Qur'an, which has led to the destruction of mosques and cases of murder. This dissertation focuses on Ahmadi women's experiences in dealing with conflict and the ways they organize themselves to resist conflict for the betterment of their lives in the face of social and institutional discrimination.
John of Damascus and Heresy. A Basis for Understanding Modern Heresy
This study investigates the understanding of heresy and the heretic according to Saint John of Damascus. For him, a heretic was any Christian who, by wilful choice, departs from the one orthodox tradition by adopting a personal opinion on the common faith which he intends to institute as sole truth. Our research is divided into two parts and aims to apply John of Damascus' understanding of the recurring identity of the Christian heretic and his behaviour. By using historical-theological, interdisciplinary and diachronical approaches, the author demonstrates through two case studies, namely, the Dutch Reformed Churches and Apartheid, and Kimbanguism, that this Church Father, who is the ‘seal of the patristic era,' remains a relevant authority for our comprehension of heresy and the heretic.
Struggles for Women-Inclusive Leadership in Toraja Church in Indonesia and the Evangelical Church of Vietnam. Agency and Structural Change
Traditionally, women in Vietnam have been seen as the sole nurturer and care-taker of the family. Similarly, recent reports show that both men and women in Vietnam expect women to behave in a socially constrained way. Women's struggle for leadership in religious organizations in Southeast Asia has been particularly characterized with various levels of accomplishment. This study takes the Toraja Church in Indonesia and the Evangelical Church of Vietnam as two cross-cultural case studies. As the main causes of change in the churches, the author discusses (1) the degree of destabilizing forces from external context and institutional structure; (2) the degree of support and identification with the struggle by male leaders; and (3) the dominant existence of women's feminist projects and their success in turning their feminist projects into collective effort.
Women's Status and Gender Relations in Post-Genocide Rwanda. Focus on the Local and Everyday Life Level
After the 1994 genocide against Tutsi in Rwanda, the Government introduced gender equality programs in its development priorities to reduce gender-based inequalities and poverty. Currently, Rwanda tops the list as the country with the highest proportion of women in parliament worldwide, with nearly 64 percent of seats held by women. However, some people remain biased against the concept of women in position of power. Institutional gender sensitive norms, equally benefiting women and men, and correcting gender biased practices in leadership opportunities and rights provision are needed. This work assesses changes related to women's status and gender relations at the local level of Rwanda, exploring the responsibilities allocated to women in the local government, religious institutions and the family decisions.
Work Motivation and Pro-Social Behavior in the Delivery of Public Services. Theoretical and Empirical Insights
Motivating civil servants is a key issue in the delivery of public services. Issues such as efficiency, performance, anti-corruption and quality of public services are highly dependent on the motivation of employees in public services. How to motivate them in order to better fulfill the objectives of public agencies? This research is original by proposing, thanks to a structural equation modelling, a global work motivational model allowing the disentanglement of intrinsic and extrinsic work motivations and their inner interactions. She shows how and when these types of motivation impact positively or negatively various work related outcomes, such as prosocial behavior, anti-corruption behavior, job satisfaction, altruistic behavior at work which are sources of efficiency and ethics in government activities.